Effects of different parameters on the synthesis of silica aerogel microspheres in supercritical CO2 and their potential use as an adsorbent

Basaran E., Arici T. A., ÖZCAN A., Gok O., Ozcan A. S.

JOURNAL OF SOL-GEL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.89, no.2, pp.458-472, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 89 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10971-018-4885-6
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.458-472
  • Keywords: Silica, Microspheres, Supercritical CO2, Characterization, Adsorption, SPHERES, PARTICLES, ADSORPTION, COMPOSITE, RAMAN
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: No


Synthesis of metal oxide microspheres in supercritical carbon dioxide (SCO2) is very attractive for a wide range of applications such as catalysis, controlled release, and separation science due to their identical properties. The aim of this study is the synthesis of silica microspheres (SM) in SCO2 by sol-gel method. The effects of temperature, pressure, flow rate, time, co-solvent and its ratio on the synthesis of silica microspheres in SCO2 were investigated. The synthesized microspheres were characterized by several techniques including field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and surface area analysis. The results indicated that the optimum condition for the synthesis of SM was determined at 150 bar, 80 degrees C, and 2.5 mL min(-1) of SCO2 flow rate. The usability of SM as an adsorbent for the removal of dyes and heavy metals from aqueous solutions was also examined. Kinetic and isotherm studies for the adsorption of Pb(II) ions and Acid Blue 260 (AB260) onto SM were carried out.