JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS, vol.162, no.3, pp.148-154, 2011 (SCI-Expanded)
The electronic absorption spectra of four azo dyes with different substituents (such as Cl, I, OH) are determined at room temperature in twenty-one solvents with different polarities. The electronic transitions of azo dyes are interpreted. Linear solvation energy relationships have been investigated for solvatochromic behaviors and solute-solvent interactions of azo dyes. Linear solvation energy relationships were performed by multiple linear regression analysis using dielectric function, refractive index function and Kamlet-Taft parameters. We have observed that the hydrogen bonding acceptor ability and the induction-dispersive forces of solvent molecules have caused the bathochromic shift in absorption maxima of azo dyes. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.