Biomass to bio-oil via fast pyrolysis of cotton straw and stalk

Putun A.

ENERGY SOURCES, vol.24, no.3, pp.275-285, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/009083102317243656
  • Journal Name: ENERGY SOURCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.275-285
  • Keywords: biomass, bio-oil, fast pyrolsis, FIXED-BED PYROLYSIS, PRODUCT YIELDS
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: No


Cotton straw and stalk were thermo-chemically processed by fast pyrolysis under different conditions in a fixed tubular reactor. Fast pyrolysis studies were carried out under sweeping gas atmosphere in two groups. The effects of pyrolysis temperature, heating rate, and sweep-gas rate were investigated in the experiments. The highest yield, 39.51%, was obtained at 550degreesC final temperature, with heating and sweep-gas rates of 550 Kmin(-1) and 200 cm(3) min(-1), respectively. The pyrolysis products and the subfractions of pentane soluble were characterized by elemental analysis, gas chromatography, IR spectroscopy, and H-1-NMR spectroscopy.