Salvia cadmica Boiss., and S. smyrnaea Boiss., (Lamiaceac) differ from each other by the colour of their corolla in that the former is white and the latter is violet-blue. and that calyx widens in fruit in the latter. Both species arc characterized by having cryptone in their essential oils as major constituent. Both species arc endemic to Turkey. The paper compares morphological and chemical features of the two species with a view to confirm their taxonomical status.