Biological assays on the effects of Acra3 peptide from Turkish scorpion Androctonus crassicauda venom on a mouse brain tumor cell line (BC3H1) and production of specific monoclonal antibodies

ÇALIŞKAN F., ERGENE E., Sogut I., Hatipoglu I., Basalp A., SİVAS H., ...More

TOXICON, vol.76, pp.350-361, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 76
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2013.09.009
  • Journal Name: TOXICON
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.350-361
  • Keywords: Scorpion toxin, Androctonus crassicauda, Cytotoxicity, Apoptosis, Immunization, Monoclonal antibodies, COLORIMETRIC ASSAY, K+ CHANNELS, GROWTH, PURIFICATION, PROLIFERATION, CYTOTOXICITY, CHLOROTOXIN, EXPRESSION, NEUROTOXIN, APOPTOSIS
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Constitutes of the venom scorpion are a rich source of low molecular mass peptides which are toxic to various organisms, including man. Androctonus crassicauda is one of the scorpions from the Southeastern Anatolia of Turkey with public health importance. This work is focused on the investigation of biological effects of Acra3 peptide from Androctonus crassicauda. For this purpose, Acra3 isolated from crude venoms was tested for its cytotoxicity on BC3H1 mouse brain tumor cells using tetrazolium salt cleavage and lactate dehydrogenase activity assays. To determine whether the cytotoxic effects of Acra3 was related to the induction of apoptosis, the morphology of the cell's and the nuclear fragmentation was examined by using Acridin Orange staining and DNA fragmentation assay, respectively. Caspase 3 and caspase 9 activities were measured spectrophotometrically and flow cytometric assay was performed using Annexin-V FITC and Propidium Iodide staining. Furthermore toxic peptide Acra3 was used as an antigen for immunological studies.