Development of gold-bronze metallic glazes in a clay-based system for stoneware bodies

PEKKAN K., Baskirkan H., Caki M.

CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, vol.44, no.5, pp.4789-4794, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.12.064
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.4789-4794
  • Keywords: Gold-bronze, Metallic glaze, Color, Stoneware, CONTAINING FRIT, LUSTER
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, a triaxial glaze system consisting of red clay, kaoline, quartz, MnO, CuO and CoO is systematically developed to produce gold-bronze raw metallic glazes for stoneware bodies. At first, all of the glazed samples in the developed system were fired in an electrically-heated kiln at 1160 degrees C. Then, the selected successful gold-bronze metallic glazes were applied onto 3-D forms of stoneware bodies and fired at the same conditions. Microstructural characterizations of the glazes are done with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive x-ray analyses (EDS). This study revealed that triaxial blending of the ceramic raw materials is a beneficial method for glaze production and gold-bronze surfaces are obtained in glazes G 9, G 26, and G 34. It is observed that chemical composition of the glazes directly influence the color and the amount of CuO is more significative than MnO for achieving gold-bronze effect.