Seeding of the reaction-bonded aluminum oxide process

Suvaci E., Messing G.

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, vol.84, no.3, pp.657-659, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


The effect of the initial alpha -Al2O3 particle size in the reaction-bonded aluminum oxide (RBAO) process on the phase transformation of aluminum-derived gamma -Al2O3 to alpha -Al2O3, and subsequently densification, was investigated. It has been demonstrated that if the initial alpha -Al2O3 particles are fine (similar to0.2 mum, i.e., 2.9 x 10(14) gamma -Al2O3 particles/cm(3)), then they seed the phase transformation. The fine alpha -Al2O3 decreases the transformation temperature to similar to 962 degreesC and results in a finer microstructure. The smaller particle size of the seeded RBAO decreases the sintering temperature to as low as similar to 1135 degreesC, The results confirm that seeding can be utilized to improve phase transformations and densification and subsequently to tailor final microstructures in RBAO-delived ceramics.