Exploration of S-wave velocity profiles at strong motion stations in Eskisehir, Turkey, using microtremor phase velocity and S-wave amplification

Yamanaka H., Ozmen O. T., Chimoto K., Alkan M. A., TÜN M., PEKKAN E., ...More

JOURNAL OF SEISMOLOGY, vol.22, no.5, pp.1127-1137, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10950-018-9756-7
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1127-1137
  • Keywords: Site effects, Microtremor exploration, S-wave profile, Strong motion station, Eskisehir, Turkey, Inversion, Q-value, Amplification, ARRAY
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


We have explored 1D S-wave velocity profiles of shallow and deep soil layers over a basement at strong motion stations in Eskisehir Province, Turkey. Microtremor array explorations were conducted at eight strong motion stations in the area to know shallow 1D S-wave velocity models. Rayleigh wave phase velocity at a frequency range from 3 to 30 Hz was estimated with the spatial autocorrelation analysis of array records of vertical microtremors at each station. Individual phase velocity was inverted to a shallow S-wave velocity profile. Low-velocity layers were identified at the stations in the basin. Site amplification factors from S-wave parts of earthquake records that had been estimated at the strong motion stations by Yamanaka et al. (2017) were inverted to the S-wave velocities and Q-values of the sedimentary layers. The depths to the basement with an S-wave velocity of 2.2 km/s are about 1 km in the central part of the basin, while the basement becomes shallow as 0.3 km in the marginal part of the basin. We finally discussed the effects of the shallow and deep sedimentary layers on the 1D S-wave amplification characteristics using the revealed profiles. It is found that the shallow soil layers have no significant effects in the amplification at a frequency range lower than 3 Hz in the area.