Openness in education as a living idea: A longitudinal investigation of its growth and development

Koçdar S., Bozkurt A., Uçar H., Karadeniz A., Erdoğdu E., Naidu S.

DISTANCE EDUCATION, vol.44, no.4, pp.745-764, 2023 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01587919.2023.2268321
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, Educational research abstracts (ERA), ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.745-764
  • Keywords: open access, open and distance learning, open education, open learning, open scholarship
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Openness in education has received significant attention in recent years. To comprehend this concept in education ecosystems thoroughly, a longitudinal study is crucial, offering a comprehensive perspective of its evolution. The study utilizes bibliometric techniques, social network analysis, and text mining to investigate openness from its origin to the present day. The research highlights that the idea of openness, initially linked to open universities, has expanded into broader education ecosystems due to advancements in digital technologies, especially around the turn of the 21st century. Embracing open access and open scholarship as new business models is essential to consolidate openness in education. Additionally, distance education, online learning, and educational technology play vital roles as catalysts for openness in education, providing a holistic understanding of the concept.