An improved HPLC post-column methodology for the identification of free radical scavenging phytochemicals in complex mixtures

Kosar M., Dorman D., Baser K., Hiltunen R.

CHROMATOGRAPHIA, vol.60, no.11-12, pp.635-638, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 11-12
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1365/s10337-004-0449-8
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.635-638
  • Keywords: column liquid chromatography, on-line derivatization, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, radical scavenging compounds, Salvia officinalis, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY, ONLINE DETECTION, SALVIA-PLEBEIA, EXTRACTS, L., COMPONENTS
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: No


The importance of natural antioxidants principally relates to their health-promoting properties. The discovery of new sources of established compounds or more potent compounds is a costly exercise and any technique capable of aiding this procedure would be highly significant. An approach combining chromatographic separation, component analysis and post-column identification of free radical scavenging has been reported. However, its effectiveness is dependent upon various factors and the number of samples analyzed without operator intervention is restricted. A more applicable technique using a 10% to 100% methanol with 2% acetic acid mobile phase and a citric acid-sodium citrate buffered methanolic 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical reagent is presented, whereby free radical scavengers can be detected within crude extracts of variable polarity without special considerations. As an illustration, acetone, 70% (aq.) methanol and acetonitrile-soluble extracts were prepared from sage (Salvia officinalis L.) for extraction of polar and non-polar radical scavengers and analyzed. Radical scavenging components were identified as carnosic, caffeic and rosmarinic acids and luteolin-7-O-glycoside. Others radical scavengers were tentatively identified as benzoic and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives, flavonoids and diterpenoids. Through the application of this technique, carnosic acid and rosmarinic acid were identified as the principal free radical scavengers.