Do working on streets and income level affect self-esteem, life satisfaction and depression levels of early adolescents? Sokakta Çalışmak ve Gelir Düzeyi Erinlerin Benlik Saygısı, Yaşam Doyumu ve Depresyon Düzeylerine Etki Eder mi?

Yildiz M. A., DUY B.

Elementary Education Online, vol.14, no.2, pp.522-537, 2015 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.17051/io.2015.07194
  • Journal Name: Elementary Education Online
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.522-537
  • Keywords: Depression, Income, Life satisfaction, Self-esteem, Street children
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


© 2015, Ankara University. All rights reserved.The purpose of the present study was to compare self-esteem, life satisfaction and depression levels of three different groups of elementary students coming from different income levels. The present study was carried out with 700 elementary school students (283-female, 417-male) from 6th, 7th and 8th grades in Diyarbakır city center. The measures of the study were Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, Multidimensional Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale and Children’s Depression Inventory. The results of one way MANOVA yielded no significant differences between the group working on streets and the group coming from low-income families, but not working on streets, while a significant difference was obtained between those two groups and the group coming from high-income families in favor of the last group with regard to self-esteem, life satisfaction and depression variables. Moreover, there were significant correlations among the variables of the study. Income level plays an import role in mental health by creating an environment where people face fortunate and unfortunate life experiences.