Vibrational and mechanical properties of single layer MXene structures: a first-principles investigation

Yorulmaz U., Ozden A., KOSKU PERKGÖZ N., AY F., SEVİK C.

NANOTECHNOLOGY, vol.27, no.33, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 33
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/0957-4484/27/33/335702
  • Journal Name: NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: MAX Phases, MXenes, dynamical properties, mechanical properties, ELECTRONIC-PROPERTIES, TI3C2X2 X, TRANSITION, CARBIDES, INTERCALATION, TIN+1CN, N=1, OH
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


MXenes, carbides, nitrides and carbonitrides of early transition metals are the new members of two dimensional materials family given with a formula of Mn+1 X-n. Recent advances in chemical exfoliation and CVD growth of these crystals together with their promising performance in electrochemical energy storage systems have triggered the interest in these two dimensional structures. In this work, we employ first principles calculations for n = 1 structures of Sc, Ti, Zr, Mo and Hf pristine MXenes and their fully surface terminated forms with F and O. We systematically investigated the dynamical and mechanical stability of both pristine and fully terminated MXene structures to determine the possible MXene candidates for experimental realization. In conjunction with an extensive stability analysis, we report Raman and infrared active mode frequencies for the first time, providing indispensable information for the experimental elaboration of MXene field. After determining dynamically stable MXenes, we provide their phonon dispersion relations, electronic and mechanical properties.