Liquid chromatographic determination of lumacaftor in the presence of ivacaftor and identification of five novel degradation products using high-performance liquid chromatography ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry

ÖZCAN S., Uzunoglu U. E., LEVENT S., CAN N. Ö.

JOURNAL OF SEPARATION SCIENCE, vol.46, no.17, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 17
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jssc.202300228
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: high-resolution mass spectrometry, HPLC, identification of degradants, ivacaftor, lumacaftor
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Lumacaftor is a transmembrane conductance regulator potentiator drug, prescribed for the treatment of cystic fibrosis in patients who are homozygous for the F508del mutation. Quantitation of lumacaftor besides its degradation products and ivacaftor was achieved on a fused-core silica particle column packed with pentafluorophenylpropyl stationary phase (Ascentis Express F5, 2.7 & mu;m particle size 100 mm x 4.6 mm; Supelco) using gradient elution (A: 0.1% [v/v] formic acid in water, B: 0.1% [v/v] formic acid in acetonitrile [the mobile phase pH 2.5]). A constant flow rate at 1 mL/min was applied, and the detection was realized using a photodiode array detector set at 216 nm. The pseudo tablet formulation of the lumacaftor/ivacaftor fixed-dose combination preparation, namely, Orkambi & REG;, was prepared in vitro and used for the analytical performance validation and method application studies. In addition, five novel degradation products, four of which even have no Chemical Abstracts Services registry number, were identified using high-resolution mass spectrometry instrument, and their possible mechanisms of formation were proposed. According to current literature, this paper can be regarded as the most comprehensive liquid chromatographic study on lumacaftor determination, among its counterparts.