Controllable Synthesis of Polymeric Micelles by Microfluidic Platforms for Biomedical Applications: A Systematic Review

Ahmadi M., Siavashy S., Ayyoubzadeh S. M., KEÇİLİ R., Ghorbani-Bidkorbeh F.

IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH, vol.20, no.2, pp.229-240, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.22037/ijpr.2021.114226.14769
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.229-240
  • Keywords: Microfluidics, Polymeric micelles, Drug delivery, Nanoparticles, Size distribution, DRUG-DELIVERY SYSTEMS, CANCER, NANOTECHNOLOGY, TECHNOLOGY
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Polymeric micelles (PMs) are one of Nanoscale delivery systems with high stability, loading capacity, and biocompatibility. PMs are nano-sized and spherical particles with a hydrophilic shell and hydrophobic core or reverse depending on their applications. Polymeric micelles could be synthesized by different methods, such as direct dissolution, dialysis method, and lyophilization. Microfluidics is also a relatively modern approach for this purpose, in which chemical reactions are carried out in the microchannels. Compared with conventional preparation methods, the microfluidic technique produces homogeneous polymeric micelles with desirable features, tunable particle size, and relatively high drug loading. These advantages are originated from the ability of microfluidics in precise control over the streamlines of reactants without chaotic turbulence. Although the synthesis of polymeric micelles by the microfluidic platform is advantageous, little or no review has been conducted to provide a clear image of the different PMs preparation by the microfluidic approach. Thus, in this review, the production of the PMs, utilizing microfluidic procedures to enhance their favorable characteristics is investigated. For this purpose, an electronic search is conducted on PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase databases for retrieval of relevant papers. Seven papers are included in this systematic review. Preparation of PMs by the microfluidic approach and the effect of different parameters, such as the flow rate ratio, channel dimensions, drug concentration, and organic solvent type on PMs characteristics is obtained from the included papers.