Synthesis of Benzimidazole-1,2,4-triazole Derivatives as Potential Antifungal Agents Targeting 14 alpha-Demethylase

Guzel E., ACAR ÇEVİK U., EVREN A. E., BOSTANCI H. E., GÜL Ü. D., KAYİŞ U., ...More

ACS OMEGA, no.4, pp.4369-4384, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acsomega.2c07755
  • Journal Name: ACS OMEGA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.4369-4384
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are increasing as major infectious diseases around the world, and the limited efficacy of existing medications has resulted in substantial morbidity and death in patients due to the lack of effective antifungal agents and serious drug resistance. In this study, a series of benzimidazole-1,2,4-triazole derivatives (6a-6l) were synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and HR-MS spectral analysis. All the target compounds were screened for their in vitro antifungal activity against four fungal strains, namely, C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. krusei, and C. parapsilopsis. The synthesized compounds exhibited significant antifungal potential, especially against C. glabrata. Three compounds (6b, 6i, and 6j) showed higher antifungal activity with their MIC values (0.97 mu g/mL) compared with voriconazole and fluconazole. Molecular docking provided a possible binding mode of compounds 6b, 6i, and 6j in the 14 alpha-demethylase active site. Our studies suggested that the benzimidazole-1,2,4-triazole derivatives can be used as a new fungicidal lead targeting 14 alpha-demethylase for further structural optimization. In addition, their effects on the L929 cell line were also investigated to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of the compounds. SEM analyses were performed to examine the effects of compounds 6a, 6i, and 6j on C. glabrata cells under in vivo experimental conditions.