Organizational practices across cultures: An exploration in six cultural contexts

Fischer R., Ferreira M. C., Leal Assmar E. M., BARIŞ G., Berberoglu G., DALYAN F., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CROSS CULTURAL MANAGEMENT, vol.14, no.1, pp.105-125, 2014 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1470595813510644
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.105-125
  • Keywords: Cultural differences, employee orientation, formalization, individualism, innovation, organizational practices, tightness-looseness, CLIMATE, VALUES, CONSEQUENCES, SIMILARITIES, INNOVATION, BEHAVIOR
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


This study examined organizational practices in a sample of 1239 employees from various organizations in Argentina, Brazil, Malaysia, New Zealand, Turkey, and the United States. Twenty-four items measuring employee-orientation, formalization, and innovation practices showed a clear factorial structure across all samples, along with good reliabilities. Significant organizational position differences were found for employee-orientation and innovation practices. Sector differences were found for formalization and innovation practices. Cultural differences were found for employee-orientation and innovation practices, which can be explained using macroeconomic indicators, tightness-looseness, and individualism. Our study demonstrates the importance of individual, organizational, economic, and cultural level for understanding perceptions of organizational practices across a wider range of societies.