Purification and characterization of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase from sheep erythrocytes and inhibitory effects of some antibiotics on enzyme activity


JOURNAL OF ENZYME INHIBITION AND MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol.17, no.4, pp.271-277, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (D-glucose 6-phosphate: NADP(+) oxidoreductase, EC; G6PD) was purified from sheep erythrocytes, using a simple and rapid method. The purification consisted of three steps; preparation of haemolysate, ammonium sulphate fractionation and 2', 5'-ADP Sepharose 4B affinity chromatography. The enzyme was obtained with a yield of 37.1% and had a specific activity of 4.64 U/mg proteins. Optimal pH, stable pH, molecular weight, and K-M and V-max values for NADP(+) and glucose 6-phosphate (G6-P) substrates were also determined for the enzyme. The overall purification was about 1,189-fold. A temperature of +4degreesC was maintained during the purification process. In order to control the purification of the enzyme SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) was done in 4% and 10% acrylamide concentration for stacking and running gel, respectively. SDS-PAGE showed a single band for enzyme. Enzymatic activity was spectrophotometrically measured according to Beutler's method at 340 nm. In addition, in vitro effects of gentamicin sulphate, penicillin G potassium, amicasin on sheep red blood cell G6PD enzyme activity were investigated. These antibiotics showed inhibitory effects on enzyme activity. I-50 values were determined from Activity%-[Drug] graphs and K-i values and the type of inhibition (noncompetitive) were determined by means of Lineweaver-Burk graphs.