In this study, the anatomical features and volatile components of Primula vulgaris Huds. subsp. vulgaris were investigated. Primary growth was observed in sections taken from the root. The leaf and pedicel, only glandular hairs were seen. It was found that the leaf was amphistomatic and the stoma type was anomocytic on both surfaces. The fresh and crushed underground parts of P. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris were trapped by HS-SPME fiber and analyzed by GC/MS. Fourteen components (97.2%) were characterized. Main components were found as methyl salicylate (51.2%), methyl-4-methoxy salicylate (18.5%) and paeonol (12.4%).