Effects of ambient air pollution on respiratory tract complaints and airway inflammation in primary school children

ALTUĞ H., GAGA E. E., DÖĞEROĞLU T., Brunekreef B., Hoek G., Van Doorn W.

SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, vol.479, pp.201-209, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 479
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.01.127
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.201-209
  • Keywords: Ambient ozone, Fractional exhaled nitric oxide, Spirometry, Having cold, Runny nose, Complaints of throat, EXHALED NITRIC-OXIDE, PEAK EXPIRATORY FLOW, LUNG-FUNCTION, ASTHMATIC-CHILDREN, SYMPTOMS, HEALTH, INFECTIONS, OUTDOOR, QUALITY, CITY
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Respiratory health effects of ambient air pollution were studied in 605 school children 9 to 13 years in Eskisehir, Turkey. Each child performed a fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) measurement and a lung function test (LFT). Self-reported respiratory tract complaints (having cold, complaints of throat, runny nose and shortness of breath/wheezing) in the last 7 days and on the day of testing were also recorded. As acute health outcomes were investigated, weekly average ambient concentrations of ozone (O-3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) were determined by passive sampling in the school playgrounds simultaneously with the health survey. Effects of air pollution on respiratory tract complaints and exhaled NO/lung function were estimated by multivariate logistic regression and multivariate linear mixed effects models, respectively.