The Necessity of Art Education According to the Opinions of Teachers in Vocational and Technical Anatolian High School: Eskişehir Case

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Milli Egitim, vol.52, no.239, pp.1575-1598, 2023 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 239
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.37669/milliegitim.1128285
  • Journal Name: Milli Egitim
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1575-1598
  • Keywords: art, art education, teacher, vocational and technical Anatolian high school
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


For the first time in the Ottoman Empire, in the 18th century, art education started in the III. Selim period and modern educational institutions including colleges and faculties gained signifance in order to implement the education models required by the period as a result of the westernization movements in the Republican period. While academic studies in the field of art education in accordance with the western education system continue to take place rapidly in our country, art education courses were included in the education curriculum of high school equivalent schools for the first time in 1952.Bringing art education to the high school level was realized in 1989 with the establishment of Anatolian Fine Arts High School in Istanbul by Minister of National Education Avni Akyol. The schools, which were created by taking the philosophy of the Bauhaus schools as an example, could not find a response in our country at the high school level. The best example of this can be shown as the elective teaching of art education in Vocational and Technical Anatolian High Schools in our country. This research, which was conducted to determine the opinions of the teachers working at MTAL on the necessity of arts education, is quantitative research using an online questionnaire. The research conducts a survey on 169 teachers working in MTAL in 2021/2022 which are located in the central district of Eskişehir and attended “1000 schools” project initiated by Ministry of National Education in 2020/2021. According to the teachers in the research sample it has been found that the students who receive art education will have high self-confidence, can express themselves individually, can communicate with the society and offer solutions in the face of problems and teachers think art education becomes a necessity for the students in MTAL.