Artificial Intelligence and Reflections from Educational Landscape: A Review of AI Studies in Half a Century

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BOZKURT A., KARADENİZ A., Baneres D., Guerrero-Roldan A. E., Rodriguez M. E.

SUSTAINABILITY, vol.13, no.2, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/su13020800
  • Journal Name: SUSTAINABILITY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Aerospace Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: artificial intelligence, AI, deep learning, machine learning, education, AI in education, AIEd
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Artificial intelligence (AI) has penetrated every layer of our lives, and education is not immune to the effects of AI. In this regard, this study examines AI studies in education in half a century (1970-2020) through a systematic review approach and benefits from social network analysis and text-mining approaches. Accordingly, the research identifies three research clusters (1) artificial intelligence, (2) pedagogical, and (3) technological issues, and suggests five broad research themes which are (1) adaptive learning and personalization of education through AI-based practices, (2) deep learning and machine Learning algorithms for online learning processes, (3) Educational human-AI interaction, (4) educational use of AI-generated data, and (5) AI in higher education. The study also highlights that ethics in AI studies is an ignored research area.