Synthesis, Characterization, and Catalytic Hydrogenation Activity of New N-Acyl-Benzotriazole Rh(I) and Ru(III) Complexes in [bmim][BF4]

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CATALYSTS, vol.6, no.9, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/catal6090147
  • Journal Name: CATALYSTS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: N-acyl-benzotriazole, ionic liquid, hydrogenation, catalysis, rhodium, ruthenium, IONIC LIQUID
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The hydrogenation activity of new N-acyl-benzotriazole Rh(I) and Ru(III) complexes in ionic liquid media is reported in this study. Both complexes were completely soluble in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, [bmim][BF4], and they were able to catalyze the hydrogenation of styrene and 1-octene. While ethylbenzene conversion in styrene hydrogenation reached 84% when the Ru complex was used, 100% conversion was obtained with the Rh complex at 393 K in 6 h. Additionally, total conversion in 1-octene hydrogenation reached 100% with the Rh complex in [bmim][BF4] media. The hydrogenation of styrene and 1-octene in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and toluene was also studied to compare the solvent effect on catalytic system. The effect of some catalytic parameters such as temperature, H-2 (g) pressure, and catalyst amount on the conversion was examined, and it was found that the conversion increased parallel to the increasing temperature and H-2 pressure. The recyclability of catalysts was also investigated, and it was revealed that the Rh complex in particular maintained the activity for at least 10 cycles.