Uluslararası Ticaretin Serbestleştirilmesi Sürecinde Orta Asya ve Kafkasya daki Geçiş Ekonomilerinin Tercihleri

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Çatalbaş N.

2nd International Symposium on Public Finance: Recent Fiscal Problems in Transition Economics, Manas Üniversitesi, Bişkek, 24/10/2007, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 24 - 28 October 2007

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Bishkek
  • Country: Kyrgyzstan
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The Republics in Central Asia and Caucasia declared their independence following the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and started the process of transition from central planned economy to market economy. In this process, different strategies were adopted because of the high cost of this transition process for the countries in financial, political and social respects. These countries experienced significant problems in their economies in the first years of their separation from USSR. These problems and other factors caused these countries to find new regional and global alternatives. Developed countries as well as international economic institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) played an important role in the development of global relationships. While WTO has the leading role in the liberalization of trade in global respect, regional trade agreements stand in the forefront in regional respect. Among the countries in the region, Kyrgyzstan is the only member of WTO. Negotiations for the participation of other countries (except for Turkmenistan) are still in progress. It is also quite important to overcome the obstacles that might hinder foreign trade in the process of the integration of the economies in the region with the capitalist world. The countries in the region have hesitant about the liberalization of the global trade due to their own economical, political and social structures, yet they favor integration and cooperation through regional trade agreements.