Has Shah Ismail Ever Read Ahmet Pasa Divani?


BILIG, vol.80, no.80, pp.265-278, 2017 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 80 Issue: 80
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Journal Name: BILIG
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.265-278
  • Keywords: Erdebil Islamic Monastery, Safavid, Shah Ismail, Hatayi, Ahmet Pasha
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Sufis and sultans have great shares in the progress of Turkish poetry. Tekkes of sufis and and palaces of sultans are the places in which poetry flourishes as well as other fine arts. The sheikh of Erdebil Tekke and the founder of Safavid Dynasty, Shah Ismail, is one the exceptional personalities combining these two traditions in his body. Thus, Shah Ismail Hatayi has both his ghazels convenient for the sense of aesthetics shaped in terms of the expectations of palace atmosphere and poems whose religious and mystical emphasis are quite obvious. Shah Ismail has a deep impact by his poems convenient for islamic mysticism he converted with his political identity on not only heterodox Turkomans, the basic ethnical element of Safavids, but also Alevi-Bektashi tradition in the Ottoman geography. In this kind of his poems, Nesimi has an obvious impact. Habibi, Kisveri and Fuzuli who are the prominent poets of his own cultural atmosphere are influential. However, in formatting of his poetic identity, it is obvious that Ottoman and Jagatai poets also have impacts, despite not as much as the above mentioned poets' impacts. Such is the case, Hatayi's relation with the poets of Jagatai area is not emphasized enough and his interest in Ottoman poetry is absolutely ignored. On the other hand, there are records of the samples revealing Hatayi's connection with Ottoman poets within the framework of nazire tradition and divans of Ottoman poets among the books in the treasury of Shah Ismail moved from his palace of Hest-Behist in Tebriz to Topkapi palace.