Synthesis of fe-mn black pigments by using hematite waste and manganese ore mixtures

TANIŞAN B., Turan S.

Transactions of the Indian Ceramic Society, vol.71, no.1, pp.17-20, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 71 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/0371750x.2012.689506
  • Journal Name: Transactions of the Indian Ceramic Society
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.17-20
  • Keywords: Manganese ore, Hematite waste, Ceramic pigment, Porcelain tile, Colour, CHROMIUM CERAMIC PIGMENT, OXIDE, SYSTEM
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, development of a new black pigment for colouring porcelain tiles by calcination of hematite waste and natural manganese ore mixtures were investigated as a way to produce cost-effective pigment. It was found that by incorporating 10 wt% manganese ore (containing about 75 wt% MnO2) into hematite waste (containing about 97 wt% Fe2O3), a black pigment can be obtained. The black pigment predominantly contained hematite phase indicating that manganese was dissolved in hematite structure, changing the brown colour of hematite into black colour. © 2012, Copyright The Indian Ceramic Society.