Improvements on the thermal shock behaviour of MgO-spinel composite refractories by incorporation of zircon-3 mol% Y2O3

AKSEL C., Aksoy T.

CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, vol.38, no.5, pp.3673-3681, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2012.01.009
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3673-3681
  • Keywords: Thermal shock resistance, MgAl2O4, ZrSiO4, Y2O3, MAGNESIA, FRACTURE
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The effects of incorporations of zircon-3 mol% Y2O3 (Y) into MgO-spinel (M S) compositions to improve mechanical properties and thermal shock behaviour were investigated. Mechanical properties were measured, R R parameters were calculated, and thermal shock tests were performed. Microstructural features were examined using SEM and)(RD. By adding zircon + Y to M S: (i) up to similar to 2 and similar to 3-fold improvements were achieved in mechanical properties and R - R-st parameters, (ii) there were improvements up to similar to 2-fold in strength data measured after performing thermal shock tests at 1000 degrees C. Parameters improving mechanical properties and thermal shock behaviour of M S (zircon + Y) materials are given as follows: (i) interlinking and arresting or deviation of microcracks when reaching the ZrO2-Y2O3 grains or pores, increases in K-lc, (iii) critical defect size and (iv) bulk density, (v) formation of forsterite phase, (vi) coexistence of intergranular and transgranular fractures, and (vii) reduction in MgO grain size, leading to longer service life. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.