Analyzing trend and developing an empirical formula for estimating rainfall intensity: A case study Eskisehir city, Turkey

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Jasim Hadi S., TOMBUL M.

1st International Conference on Advances in Sustainable Construction Materials and Civil Engineering Systems, ASCMCES 2017, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, 18 - 20 April 2017, vol.120 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 120
  • Doi Number: 10.1051/matecconf/201712005003
  • City: Sharjah
  • Country: United Arab Emirates
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017.Trend and stationarity analysis conducted for the city center of Eskisehir province, Turkey. The Intensity- Duration - Frequency (IDF) curves and formulas for the estimation of the design rainfall intensity have been developed. Through the application of four different frequency methods, the IDF has been developed for a record of 64 years. The functions employed are; Normal, Log - Normal, Gumbel, and Log -Pearson Type III. A formula for each function developed by determining the parameters with the help of a non-linear regression method. The most appropriate fit of probability distribution determined by goodness of fit test i.e. Chi - Square. The results of the study revealed no evidence of significant trend or nonstationarity in any duration. With an exception to the Normal function which exceeded the critical region in several durations, all the functions found to show high fitting. LPT III identified as the best fit. The coefficient of correlation for the developed formulas found high in all the functions except for LPT III. The study endorsed that the estimation of rainfall intensity for any storm duration and return period can be done for Eskisehir using LPT III and Gumbel formulas as they are evaluated as best fitting.