Composition of the essential oils of five subspecies ofScutellaria orientalisfrom Turkey

Yilmaz G., ÇİÇEK M., DEMİRCİ B., Baser K. H. C.

JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL RESEARCH, vol.32, no.5, pp.429-435, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10412905.2020.1796832
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.429-435
  • Keywords: Essential oil, Lamiaceae, Scutellaria, Scutellaria orientalis, Turkey, MEDICINAL-PLANTS, SCUTELLARIA, LAMIACEAE
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The chemical compositions of the essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from aerial parts of five subspecies ofScutellaria orientalisL. (subsp.carica, subsp.haussknechtii, subsp.macrostegia, subsp.orientalisand subsp.santolinoides) were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC-FID) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), simultaneously. According to essential oil analysis in five subspecies ofS. orientalis, germacrene D (57.2%), bicyclogermacrene (7.4%) and beta-caryophyllene (5.2%) in subsp.carica; germacrene D (23.5%), beta-caryophyllene (14.2%), bicyclogermacrene (9.0%) and caryophyllene oxide (8.1%) in subsp.haussknechtii; germacrene D (47.8%), beta-caryophyllene (16.3%) and bicyclogermacrene (12.0%) in subsp.macrostegia; caryophyllene oxide (23.5%), germacrene D (20.1%) and beta-caryophyllene (14.5%) in subsp.orientalis; germacrene D (42.1%), beta-caryophyllene (13.7%) and bicyclogermacrene (11.3%) in subsp.santolinoideswere determined as major components. To the best of our knowledge, this is the ?rst report on the chemical composition of the essential oil of four subspecies ofS. orientalis.