Microdistillation and Analysis of Volatiles from Eight Ornamental Salvia Taxa

Tabanca N., DEMİRCİ B., Turner J. L., Pounders C., DEMİRCİ F., BAŞER K. H. C., ...More

NATURAL PRODUCT COMMUNICATIONS, vol.5, no.9, pp.1421-1426, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1934578x1000500915
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1421-1426
  • Keywords: Salvia, microdistillation, GC/MS, (Z)-3-hexenal, 1-octen-3-ol, limonene, 1,8-cineole, REARRANGED NEOCLERODANE SKELETON, ESSENTIAL OIL, BIOLOGICAL-ACTIVITIES, DITERPENOIDS, TERPENOIDS, TRITERPENE, EXTRACTS
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Volatile compounds from seven Salvia species and one interspecific hybrid growing at the Dallas Arboretum and Botanical Garden, Texas, US. Salvia coccinea, S. farinacea, S. greggii, S. leucantha, S. longispicata x farinacea, S. madrensis, S. roemeriana and S. splendens were investigated for their chemical compositions using a microdistillation technique. Volatiles were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). One hundred and twenty seven compounds were identified representing 94.3-99.7% of the oils. The major components in each of the seven species were as follows: S. coccinea (Z)-3-hexenal (31%), viridiflorol (19%); S. farinacea 1-octen-3-ol (30%) and (Z)-3-hexenal (23%); S. greggii 1,8-cineole (22%), borneol (17%), camphene (11%) and a-pinene (10%); S. leucantha limonene (35%) and a-pinene (17%); S. longispicata x farinacea 1-octen-3-ol (50%) and (Z)-3-hexenal (24%); S. madrensis (Z)-3-hexenal (53%); S. roemeriana limonene (49%) and alpha-pinene (20%); and S. splendens (Z)-3-hexenal (36%), 2,5-dimethoxy-p-cymene (19%) and linalool (11%). The microdistillation method was fast, practical and a useful technique that enabled the isolation of the volatiles in samples when only limited quantities were available.