In this study, water-distilled essential oils from the flowers of Tanacetum zahlbruckneri and flowers and stems of Tanacetum tabrisianum from Turkey were analysed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The flower oil of T. zahlbruckneri was characterised by the sesquiterpenes germacrene D (29.7%) and spathulenol (12%). Flower (A) and stem (B) oil of T. tabrisianum was characterised by 1,8-cineole: 17.6% (A), 22.5% (B), hexadecanoic acid: 10.3% (A), 8% (B), decanoic acid: 5.8% (A) and trans-linalooloxide acetate: 5.3% (A), 4% (B). Unlike a previous report on the essential oil composition of T. tabrisianum, in this study a 1,8-cineole and hexadecanoic acid-rich oil with a low percentage of caryophyllene oxide and spathulenol was obtained. The composition of the essential oil of endemic T. zahlbruckneri was investigated for the first time.