Synthesis and Evaluation of New 1,5-Diaryl-3-[4-(methyl-sulfonyl)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole Derivatives as Potential Antidepressant Agents

ÖZDEMİR A., SEVER B., KAPLANCIKLI Z. A., CAN Ö. D., Ozkay U. D., Turan-Zitouni G.

MOLECULES, vol.20, no.2, pp.2668-2684, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/molecules20022668
  • Journal Name: MOLECULES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2668-2684
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


In an effort to develop potent antidepressant agents, new pyrazoline derivatives 2a-s were synthesized and evaluated for their antidepressant-like activity by tail suspension test (TST) and modified forced swimming test (MFST). The effects of the compounds on spontaneous locomotor activity were also investigated using an activity cage apparatus. Among these derivatives, compounds 2b, 2d, 2f, 2o, and 2r decreased both horizontal and vertical activity number of the mice. On the other hand, compounds 2a, 2h, 2j, 2k, 2l, 2m, and 2n, which did not induce any significant change in the locomotor activity, significantly shortened the immobility time of mice in TST and MFST, representing the presence of the antidepressant-like effect. Additionally, the same compounds increased the swimming time of mice in MFST without any change in climbing duration, similar to the reference drug fluoxetine (10 mg/kg). In the light of previous papers examining the effects of pyrazolines on central nervous system, this study, once more, pointed out remarkable antidepressant activity potential of pyrazoline derivatives.