Global competitiveness and capital flows: does stage of economic development and risk rating matter?*

Athari S. A., Shaeri K., Kirikkaleli D., ERTUĞRUL H. M., Ozun A.

ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF ACCOUNTING & ECONOMICS, vol.27, no.4, pp.426-450, 2020 (SSCI) identifier identifier


This paper closes a gap in the relevant literature by investigating the role of a country's competitiveness on international capital mobility using robust panel multiple regressions with fixed and random effects. In this study, we use the Global Competitiveness Index to measure a country's competitiveness level. The research empirically investigates the effect of competitiveness on cross-border capital flows, and shows how stages of economic development and country-specific risk ratings influence inflows and outflows of capital under the effect of competitiveness. Overall, we found that competitiveness has a positive and statistically significant impact on aggregated and disaggregated capital flows. However, the magnitude of its impact varies over different stages of development and across country risk levels.