Synthesis of Zn2SnO4 powders via hydrothermal method for ceramic targets

Tuncolu I., Aciksari C., SUVACI E., ÖZEL E., Rembeza S., Rembeza E., ...More

Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol.35, no.14, pp.3885-3892, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 14
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2015.07.003
  • Journal Name: Journal of the European Ceramic Society
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3885-3892
  • Keywords: Chemical preparation, Hydrothermal synthesis, Zinc stannate (Zn2SnO4)
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.The preparation of (SnO2)x(ZnO)1-x powder as a ceramic target material via hydrothermal synthesis within a broad range of x values (x=0-1) was investigated. The phase development and particle characteristics of the Zn2SnO4 powders were evaluated. The phase formations of the (SnO2)x(ZnO)1-x system in the range from x=0.0 to 1.00 were mapped, and the ZnO, SnO2 and Zn2SnO4 phases were found to depend on the changing x value. The effects of the processing parameters, including the treatment temperature (180-220°C), time (0-24h) and initial concentrations of precursors (Sn:Zn=0.125:0.3, 0.2:0.48, 0.25:0.6, 0.35:0.84, 0.5:1.20), on the formation mechanism of Zn2SnO4 were discussed in detail. Almost single phase Zn2SnO4 occurs only when x=0.29 (Zn/Sn=2.4:1) for the (SnO2)x(ZnO)1-x composite system at 220°C for 24h. The results reveal that the target prepared from synthesized Zn2SnO4 powder can be successfully used to develop thin film transistor channels.