The effect of using fly ash on the strength and hydration characteristics of blended cements

Kocak Y., Nas S.

Construction and Building Materials, vol.73, pp.25-32, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 73
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.09.048
  • Journal Name: Construction and Building Materials
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.25-32
  • Keywords: Hydration, Cement, Fly ash, Mechanical properties, Mineralogy, Molecular structure, Microstructures, PORTLAND-CEMENT, PASTE, DURABILITY, CONCRETE, ZEOLITE, RESISTANCE, LIMESTONE, BEHAVIOR, CHLORIDE, ALKALI
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: No


© 2014 Elsevier Ltd.The present study is aimed at investigating the combined effects of the compressive strength and hydration development of blended cements which contain fly ash. In the first stage, chemical, physical, X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis were performed in order to determine the characteristics of Portland cement and fly ash. In the second stage, the compressive strength of cement mortars and setting time, water demand and volume expansion of cement pastes were identified according to the standard cement experiments. In the last stage, XRD, FT-IR, thermal and scanning electron microscope analyses were performed in order to determine the hydration of cement pastes. Consequently, the addition of FA in Portland cement contributes to the consumption of Ca(OH)2 which is formed during the hydration of cement and leads to the formation of cementitious products, like C-S-H. Therefore, the compressive strength of fly ash blended cement mortars increased at later ages compared to the early ages.