The essential oils of Rhus Coriaria L. (Sumac)

Kurucu S., Koyuncu M., Güvenç (Köroglu) A., Baser K., ÖZEK T.

Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol.5, no.5, pp.481-486, 1993 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 1993
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10412905.1993.9698267
  • Journal Name: Journal of Essential Oil Research
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.481-486
  • Keywords: (Z)-2-decenal, Cembrene, Essential oil composition, Nonanal, Rhus coriaria Anacardiaceae, Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, Sumac, β-caryophyllene
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The essential oils obtained from the leaf, fruit pericarp and branch/bark of Rhus coriaria L. by hydrodistillation were examined by GC and GC/MS. Sixty-three constituents in the branch/bark oil, sixty-three constituents in the leaf oil and eighty-five constituents in the fruit pericarp oil were identified. The predominant compounds in the pericarp oil were limonene (0.17–9.49%), nonanal (10.77–13.09%) and (Z)-2-decenal (9.90–42.35%), while major components of the leaf oil were β-caryophyllene (0.33–16.95%) and a sesquiterpene hydrocarbon tentatively identified as patchoulane (3.08–23.87%). The major constituents of the branch/bark oil were β-caryophyllene (12.35–21.91%) and cembrene (10.71–26.50%). The composition of oils from two different phytogeographic regions showed variations. © 1993 Allured Publishing Corp.