Essential Oil Composition of<i> Capsella</i><i> bursa-</i><i> pastoris</i> (L.) Medik. Aerial Parts

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GÜMÜŞOK S., Kirci D., Demirci B., KILIÇ C. S.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES, vol.20, no.5, pp.341-344, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.4274/tjps.galenos.2022.15098
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.341-344
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: Capsella Medik. belongs to Brassicaceae family and is represented by 4 species in Turkiye. Among them, Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. is a cosmopolite species and grows naturally throughout Turkiye. There have been a few studies on the essential oil composition of different parts of the plant, and, as far as we are concerned, the essential oil composition of the plant growing in Turkiye has not been studied previously. Thus, in this study, we isolated and analyzed the essential oil composition of the aerial parts of C. bursa-pastoris growing naturally in Ankara, Turkiye.Materials and Methods: Plant material was collected from Ankara University, Tandogan Campus, and essential oil of the aerial parts was obtained from hydrodistillation using a Clevenger-type apparatus for 3 h and analyzed by gas chromatography (GC)-flame ionization detection and GC-mass spectrometry simultaneously. Results: The essential oil yield was determined to be 0.2%, and 90.2% of the essential oil composition was identified, corresponding to 21 components. The major components of the oil were determined to be nonacosane (19.6%), phytol (19.3%), pentacosane (13.5%), heptacosane (9.9%), and hexadecanoic acid (9.9%).Conclusion: Phytol was found to be the main component of the essential oil of leaves and aerial parts (16.34% and 13.14, respectively) in a literature study consistent with the results of our study. The essential oil content of other parts of the species, along with species collected from different localities, would be an important contribution to the species and the genus and should be performed in the future.