The roles of dispositional rumination, inferiority feelings and gender in interpersonal rumination experiences of college students


JOURNAL OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, vol.146, no.3, pp.217-233, 2019 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 146 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00221309.2018.1553844
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.217-233
  • Keywords: Dispositional rumination, inferiority feelings, interpersonal rumination, ruminative thought style, THOUGHT STYLE, MISSING DATA, FORGIVINGNESS, DEPRESSION, MODEL
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Given that little is known about the underlying mechanisms of rumination in response to an interpersonal offense, the purpose of this research is to reveal if inferiority feelings, dispositional rumination, and gender predict rumination regarding an interpersonal offense in a college student population. A sample of 147 undergraduate students completed the Ruminative Thought Style Scale, the Inferiority Feelings Scale and the Rumination About an Interpersonal Offense scale. The results of the hierarchical regression analysis confirm that although the majority of variation in interpersonal rumination is accounted for by dispositional rumination, inferiority feelings still explain a significant amount of variation in interpersonal rumination. Additional analysis demonstrates that dispositional rumination has a partial mediator role between inferiority feelings and interpersonal rumination, which indicates that feelings of inferiority make individuals more prone to dispositional rumination, which in turn, increases their tendency to ruminate following an interpersonal offense.