ART-SANAT, vol.1, pp.73-99, 2014 (ESCI)
This study will search for the dynamics around the selection process of the monument for the founder of the Turkish Republic, Ataturk in the site of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in a time period between 1937 and 1981. Time period of the selection process starts with the international architectural competition launched for the new Turkish Parliament House in 1937. There had been a number of proposals of a monument in the perspective and facade drawings submitted by most of the competitors in the international competition. In parallel the winner Austrian architect, Clemens Holzmeister envisaged a monument for Ataturk in a number of situations and positions in his drawings produced for the competition for the Grand National Assembly. After the realization of the building, the issue of building a monument for Ataturk in the site of the Assembly started to be discussed as a part of a search for artworks in the Assembly building and its garden. For that reason a committee of historians, artists, architects and parliament members assembled a number of times to discuss the meanings and values to be represented in the artworks and monuments in the Assembly Site around 1976. As a result of these discussions, a two stepped competition was opened for the monument of Ataturk in 1979. In light of the findings, it is believed that the discussions of the committee and the dynamics of the selection process of the monument will be enlightening on the priorities and values of bureaucrats, academicians and politicians.