Sound based induction motor fault diagnosis using Kohonen self-organizing map


MECHANICAL SYSTEMS AND SIGNAL PROCESSING, vol.46, no.1, pp.45-58, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ymssp.2013.12.002
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.45-58
  • Keywords: Induction motors, Fault detection, Kohonen SOM, Acoustic signal processing, TEXTURE CLASSIFICATION, WAVELET TRANSFORM, COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY, VIBRATION, IMAGE
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The induction motors, which have simple structures and design, are the essential elements of the industry. Their long-lasting utilization in critical processes possibly causes unavoidable mechanical and electrical defects that can deteriorate the production. The early diagnosis of the defects in induction motors is crucial in order to avoid interruption of manufacturing. In this work, the mechanical and the electrical faults which can be observed frequently on the induction motors are classified by means of analysis of the acoustic data of squirrel cage induction motors recorded by using several microphones simultaneously since the true nature of propagation of sound around the running motor provides specific clues about the types of the faults. In order to reveal the traces of the faults, multiple microphones are placed in a hemispherical shape around the motor. Correlation and wavelet-based analyses are applied for extracting necessary features from the recorded data The features obtained from same types of motors with different kind of faults are used for the classification using the Self-Organizing Maps method. As it is described in this paper, highly motivating results are obtained both on the separation of healthy motor and faulty one and on the classification of fault types. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.