21st IEEE ISAF, held Jointly with 11th ECAPD and 4th Conference on PFM and Nanoscale Phenomena in Polar Materials, Aveiro, Portugal, 9 - 13 July 2012
The solid solution between bismuth ferrite and lead titanate (xBiFeO(3)-(1-x)PbTiO3 or BFPT) possesses a morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) between the rhombohedral and tetragonal forms at x=0.7. It is of interest to investigate the influence of field-driven rhombohedral-tetragonal phase transitions across the MPB, to determine whether correctly oriented BFPT can provide both giant piezoelectric properties and significant magnetoelectric coupling. Here, we used the reactive templated grain growth (RTGG) technique to prepare crystallographically textured 0.6BiFeO(3)-0.4PbTiO(3) (60: 40 BFPT) ceramics. Both Aurivillius structure templates (Bi4Ti3O12 and PbBi4Ti4O15) and perovskite templates (BaTiO3 and SrTiO3) were used to prepare textured 60:40BFPT. Synchrotron radiation experiments were used to determine the degree of texture. A current data suggests that only BaTiO3 templates survive the sintering process, and other candidate template materials reacted with the 60: 40BFPT matrix at high temperature. In the case of SrTiO3, this reaction results in a low Curie temperature (T-c = 350 degrees C) due to the substitution of Sr2+. Aurivillius templates resulted in high Curie temperatures (610 degrees C) and may be chemically suitable if they could be stabilized during the sintering process. However, the resulting ceramics show low remanent polarization (P-r = 3 mu c/cm(2)), while SrTiO3 and BaTiO3 templated ceramics show higher remanent polarizations of 36 and 30 mu c/cm(2), respectively. Because of their high chemical stability in this system, BaTiO3 templates appear to be the best candidate for fabricating textured BFPT by the TGG method, displaying a high degree of crystallographic texture.