COLLOIDS AND SURFACES A-PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING ASPECTS, vol.277, no.1-3, pp.90-97, 2006 (SCI-Expanded)
In the present study, natural sepiolite was used as an adsorbent for the investigation of the adsorption kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamic parameters of an acid dye (Acid Blue 193, AB 193) from aqueous solution at various pHs, temperatures and concentrations. Two simplified kinetic models, first-order and pseudo-second-order, were used to predict the adsorption rate constants. It was found that the kinetics of the adsorption of AB 193 onto natural sepiolite at different operating conditions was the best described by the pseudo-second-order model. The rate parameters of the intraparticle diffusion model for adsorption were also evaluated and compared to identify the adsorption mechanisms. Adsorption isotherms and equilibrium adsorption capacities were determined by the fittings of the experimental data to three well-known isotherm models including Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R). The results showed that the D-R model appears to fit the adsorption better than other adsorption models for the adsorption of AB 193 onto natural sepiolite. The equilibrium constants were used to calculate thermodynamic parameters, such as the change of free energy, enthalpy and entropy. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.