The Relationship Intolerance of Uncertainty with Gender, COVID-19 Attributions and COVID-19 Phobia

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CYPRUS TURKISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHOLOGY, vol.5, no.3, pp.218-227, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier


By creating a big rupture in continuities of modern society COVID-19 pandemics gave rise to the feeling of uncertainty, While intolerance of uncertainty has been investigated mostly with psychopathological variables (e.g. anxiety, depression) in the COVID-19 literature, it has seldomly been investigated by a social psychological approach. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between social identities (e.g. gender, age, job/vocation) and other COVID-19 related variables and intolerance of uncertainty and fear of COVID-19, the relationship between intolerance of uncertainty level and the type of causal attribution of COVID-19 pandemics and the relationship between intolerance of uncertainty level and phobia of COVID-19 level. The sample of the study consists of adult individuals between the ages of 20-65. The data of the study were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 25.00 Program. The results showed that women's COVID-19 phobia level is higher than man, young women's level of intolerance of uncertainty is higher than older women, there is significant relationship between intolerance of uncertainty and the some type of causal attributions and the intolerance of uncertainty has predicted the COVID-19 phobia significantly. The results of the study are discussed not only in the context of COVID-19, but also the implications that may have for a broader framework of a social psychology of disasters.