Solar radiation - to - power generation models for one-axis tracking PV system with on-site measurements from Eskisehir, Turkey

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International Conference on Advances in Energy Systems and Environmental Engineering (ASEE), Wroclaw, Poland, 2 - 05 July 2017, vol.22 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 22
  • Doi Number: 10.1051/e3sconf/20172200046
  • City: Wroclaw
  • Country: Poland
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, new analytic models are proposed for mapping onsite global solar radiation values to electrical power output values in solar photovoltaic (PV) panels. The model extraction is achieved by simultaneously recording solar radiation and generated power from fixed and tracking panels, each with capacity of 3 kW, in Eskisehir (Turkey) region. It is shown that the relation between the solar radiation and the corresponding electric power is not only nonlinear, but it also exhibits an interesting time-varying characteristic in the form of a hysteresis function. This observed radiation-to-power relation is, then, analytically modelled with three piece-wise function parts (corresponding to morning, noon and evening times), which is another novel contribution of this work. The model is determined for both fixed panels and panels with a tracking system. Especially the panel system with a dynamic tracker produces a harmonically richer (with higher values in general) characteristic, so higher order polynomial models are necessary for the construction of analytical solar radiation models. The presented models, characteristics of the hysteresis functions, and differences in the fixed versus solar-tracking panels are expected to provide valuable insight for further model based researches.