Preparation and surface characterization of activated carbons from Euphorbia rigida by chemical activation with ZnCl2, K2CO3, NaOH and H3PO4

Kilic M., Apaydin-Varol E., PÜTÜN A. E.

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, vol.261, pp.247-254, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 261
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.07.155
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.247-254
  • Keywords: Activated carbon, Chemical activation, Characterization, Euphorbia rigida, ADSORPTION, PYROLYSIS, BIOMASS, AREA
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Preparation of activated carbons from Euphorbia rigida by chemical activation with different impregnation agents and ratios was studied. ZnCl2, K2CO3, NaOH and H3PO4 were used as chemical activation agents and four impregnation ratios (25-50-75-100%) by mass were applied on biomass. Activation is applied to impregnated biomass samples at 700 degrees C under sweeping gas in a fixed bed reactor. For determination of chemical and physical properties of the obtained activated carbons; elemental analysis was applied to determine the elemental composition (C, H, N, O) and FT-IR spectra was used to analyze the functional groups. BET equation was used to calculate the surface areas of activated carbons. For understanding the changes in the surface structure, activated carbons were conducted to Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Maximum BET surface area (2613 m(2)/g) was reached with 75% K2CO3 impregnated biomass sample. Experimental results showed that impregnation types and ratios have a significant effect on the pore structure of activated carbon and E. rigida seems to be an alternative precursor for commercial activated carbon production. (C) 2012 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.