The parameters influencing grain size of sintered magnesite such as temperature (1700 and 1800degreesC), time (19 and 50 min), cooling rate (5, 10 and 25degreesC min(-1)) and various particle size (-3; +3,-5; +5,-8; +8,-10 mm) were investigated using different sintering regimes to improve grain growth. The effects of impurities (i.e. SiO2, CaO, Fe2O3, and CaO/SiO2 ratio) on grain growth were also evaluated by EDX analysis for each sample based on the variation of particle size, cooling rate and the change in the colour of samples (dark-light). For the samples sintered at 1700degreesC, the decrease in the cooling rate from 10 to 5degreesC min(-1) and the increase in the dwell time from 19 to 50 min enhanced grain size significantly. The rise in sintering temperature to 1800degreesC for 19 min, using cooling rate of 25degreesC min(-1) resulted in maximum grain growth (similar to140 mum) for +3,-5 mm particle size of dark-coloured samples. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. and Techna S.r.l. All rights reserved.