TARIH INCELEMELERI DERGISI, vol.20, no.1, pp.19-38, 2005 (ESCI)
Courts of Sharia had serviced as primary courts until the proclaiming of Tanzimat in the Ottoman Empire. These courts are not appeal units, except the some official institutions like Divan-i Hiimauvio and Akindi Divani. Some reforms in Tanzimat period were made in the Ottoman judicial system and then new courts named Nizdmiye Mahkemeleri, which has a general quality, were established. The appealling units checked the verdicts given by the new courts. These verdicts were published in an official paper, which is called Ceride-yi Mahdkim. This article show to both new organization and proceedings of courts to depends on verdicts of Court of Appeal.