MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, vol.686, pp.73-81, 2017 (SCI-Expanded)
The orientation dependence of the shape memory responses of ,  and -oriented Ni51Ti49 single crystals and Ni50.8Ti49.2 polycrystals are systematically studied in compression. Thermal cycling under constant stress and superelasticity experiments were conducted on both homogenized and aged (1.5 h at 500 degrees C) samples to understand the effects of precipitation on their shape memory behavior. It has been found that recoverable strain, temperature and stress hysteresis, Classius-Clapeyron slopes, and critical stress for plastic deformation are highly orientation dependent. The recoverable strains were 3, 2.65 and 2.38% under 400 MPa in ,  and  orientations, respectively. After aging, the recoverable strains were 3.19, 2.78 and 2.11% under 400 MPa in ,  and  orientations, respectively. Above 400 MPa, irrecoverable strain increased considerably for  and [1111-oriented samples. In  orientation, very narrow temperature hysteresis of 10 degrees C, recoverable strain of 3.03% and total strain of 3.65% were observed under ultra high compressive stress level of 1500 MPa. Moreover,  orientation showed perfect superelasticity with total strain of 7% and a large superelastic window (Delta T=140 degrees C). The transformation temperatures are lower in homogenized samples than the aged samples due to decreased Ni-concentration in matrix by the formation of Ni-rich precipitates.