ANKARA UNIVERSITESI EGITIM BILIMLERI FAKULTESI OZEL EGITIM DERGISI-ANKARA UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES JOURNAL OF SPECIAL EDUCATION, vol.10, no.2, pp.41-64, 2009 (ESCI)
The purpose of this study is to explore the validity and reliability of the Turkish versions of the Maternal Behavior Rating Scale (MBRS) and the Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS). A hundred and twenty three mother-child dyads, ninety-three male and thirty female children with a mean age of 49 months (ranging from 16 to 72 months, SD: 11.9) and their mothers with a mean age of 32 years (ranging from 21 to 65 years, SD: 6.3) were the participants of the study. Seventy-three children had diagnoses of expressive language delay while 50 were diagnosed with developmentally delayed (14 children with mild intellectual disability and 36 children with autistic disorder). Demographic information regarding mothers and children was gathered via the information form developed by the researchers. Mother-child interactions were video-taped for an average of 15 minutes in a free-play context. Validity of Turkish versions of MBRS and CBRS were examined by exploring construct validity (Exploratory Factor Analysis) and item analysis while reliability of both scales was explored by checking Cronbach Alpha. Results revealed that Turkish version of MBRS included 12 items under three factors whereas 7-item Turkish version of CBRS had two sub-factors. High reliability results were also reported for all subscales of both scales. Overall results indicated that Turkish versions of MBRS and CBRS are valid and reliable scales can be used to evaluate pivotal behaviors of children with special needs and interactional behaviors of their parents.