11th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies (EDULEARN), Palma, Spain, 1 - 03 July 2019, pp.4456-4461
A refugee is somebody who has been forced to flee his country because of persecution, war or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular group. Mostly, they cannot return their home country or are afraid to do so. War and ethnic, tribal and religious violence are leading causes of refugees fleeing their countries. Since 2011, more than 5 million refugees have fled Syria. In 2016, from an estimated pre-war population of 22 million, the United Nations (UN) identified 13.5 million Syrians requiring humanitarian assistance, of which more than 6 million are internally displaced within Syria. Around 6 million are refugees outside of Syria- asked resettlement countries to open their doors to new refugees. Mostly they -either passed through via Turkey or fully settled in Turkey.