Thermogravimetric characteristics and kinetics of scrap tyre and Juglans regia shell co-pyrolysis

Uzun B. B., Yaman E.

WASTE MANAGEMENT & RESEARCH, vol.32, no.10, pp.961-970, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0734242x14539722
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.961-970
  • Keywords: Juglans regia shell, scrap tyre, co-pyrolysis, kinetic study, thermogravimetric analysis, synergistic effect, WASTES, BEHAVIOR
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The degradation kinetics of Juglans regia shell, scrap tyre and their blends were investigated using a thermogravimetric analysis method. Experiments were performed under dynamic conditions and a nitrogen atmosphere in the range 293 to 973K at different heating rates. During pyrolysis of J. regia shell three mass loss zones were specified as removal of water, decomposition of hemicelluloses and cellulose, and decomposition of lignin. The degradation curves of scrap tyre showed merely one stage which was due to decomposition of styrene butadiene rubber. The kinetic parameters were calculated using both Arrhenius and Coats-Redfern methods. By adopting the Arrhenius method, the average value of activation energies of J. regia shell, scrap tyre and their 1:1 blends were found to be 69.22, 71.48 and 47.03kJmol(-1), respectively. Additionally, by using the Coats-Redfern method, the average value of activation energies of J. regia shell, scrap tyre and their 1:1 blend were determined as 99.85, 78.72 and 63.81kJmol(-1), respectively. The addition of J. regia shell to scrap tyre caused a reduction in the activation energies. The difference of weight loss was measured to examine interactions between raw materials. The maximum difference between experimental and theoretical mass loss was 5% at about 648K with a heating rate of 20Kmin(-1). These results indicated a significant synergistic effect was available during co-pyrolysis of J. regia shell and scrap tyre in the high temperature region.